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Holiday Health Risks: 10 Ways Diabetics Can Protect the Body, Eyes and Psyche

November is the ideal time for Diabetic Eye Disease Awareness Month because
the holidays are upon us. While the holiday season is a joyous time of
year for many, it can also be challenging for diabetics who need to watch
their diets, continue to exercise and manage stress levels in order to
keep their diabetes under control.

According to
Key-Whitman Eye Center’s eye doctor Faisal Haq, “Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to diabetic eye disease, a group
of potentially blinding eye problems including diabetic retinopathy, cataracts
and glaucoma. The most common of these diseases is
diabetic retinopathy, where blood vessels in the retina can become leaky and bleed.”

Dr. Haq encourages diabetics to consider the following health strategies
to help keep diabetes in check and maintain eye health during the busy
holiday season.

No. 1: Proactively limit high-carb, sugar-laden foods and beverages.

“As the holidays approach, we spend more time with family and friends,
having nice meals and eating lots of delicious treats.
Diabetics need to be careful with their carbohydrate load and the amount of sugar they take in during
this time, because it can really add up and cause blood sugar levels to
spin out of control,” Dr. Haq says.

Just because your mom’s rich, fattening and famous Thanksgiving side
dishes and uncle Walt’s spiked eggnog are on the menu, doesn’t
mean you have to indulge. Prior to the festivities,
plan to:

  1. Eat smaller portions of carb-rich foods, breads, gravies and sweets. When possible, it is advisable to avoid these foods altogether, but if
    you must cheat – be smart about it.
  2. Opt for healthy dishes when available. Offer to bring a healthy side, like a veggie tray with hummus or fresh
    fruit, and ask others to do the same.
  3. Skip sugary cocktails and punches. Opt for a club soda or glass of red wine instead.

No. 2: Schedule time in your calendar to exercise.

During the holiday season, it isn’t unusual for to-do lists and social
commitments to pile up, while workout sessions head to the chopping block.
As Dr. Haq explains, “With holiday shopping, parties and all of
the other activities we have going on, it’s easy to skip exercising
– but don’t. Diet and exercise are the best ways to keep diabetes
under control, so it’s essential for diabetics to commit to working
out, even when schedules fill up.”

To make sure your exercise time doesn’t get hijacked by the holidays,
consider the following strategies:

  1. Block time in your calendar to workout and stick to it.
  2. Seek out a workout buddy and schedule trips to the gym, mall walks or hikes nearby.
  3. Keep track of your exercise accomplishments. Recording successes on paper – number of workouts, miles walked,
    calories burned, etc. – can help you stay motivated.

No. 3: Feeling stressed? Take it seriously.

Many people endure added pressures during the holidays, but stress can
be especially problematic for diabetics. According to Dr. Haq, “Stress
can make any medical condition worse, because it creates certain hormones
in the body that can be harmful. Cortisol is a chemical that often increases
in the body during stress. It can also raise blood sugars and worsen diabetes.”

The more stressful life is, the more we need to remember the value of diet
and exercise when it comes to managing stress. “Eating healthy and
exercising regularly can definitely help reduce stress,” Dr. Haq says.

If you’re feeling especially stressed during the holiday season:

  1. Ask your primary care physician to recommend tips for managing stress in order to keep mental health and diabetes in check.
  2. Schedule time to decompress. When a busy week is looming ahead, make time to do something relaxing
    – meditate, get a massage, take a yoga class, etc.
  3. Continue to make healthy living a priority. Your health and your vision depend on you making healthy choices all year long.

No. 4: See an eye doctor who specializes in managing diabetic eye disease.

If you have diabetes and haven’t seen your eye doctor recently, schedule
an eye appointment right away. According to Dr. Haq, “It’s
absolutely imperative that diabetics see their eye doctor as least once
a year for a full dilated eye exam. We look at every part of the eye from
the front to the back and monitor the retina closely for signs of retinopathy.”

When eye doctors find symptoms of retinopathy, they can communicate those
findings directly with the patient’s primary care doctor. This step
is essential for ensuring the patient’s health. “Retinopathy
is a key marker for the primary care doctor to be more aggressive in managing
the patient’s diabetes,” says Dr. Haq.

Along with diabetic retinopathy, diabetics can be at an increased the risk
of other eye diseases and conditions. As Dr. Haq explains, “People
with diabetes, especially uncontrolled diabetes, are more likely to get
cataracts earlier in life, and those cataracts are more likely to progress
faster. There is also some evidence to indicate that people who have glaucoma
and diabetes may experience a
faster progression of glaucoma when blood sugars are not controlled.”

Eye doctors also screen for eye health conditions unrelated to diabetes, such as
dry eye symptoms and
macular degeneration.

“During a routine annual eye exam, we look at every part of the eye
to make sure it’s healthy. When an eye health issue is found, it’s
important to address it early. That way we have a better chance of slowing
the progression of the condition and preventing it from getting to a stage
that affects the patient’s day-to-day life,” Dr. Haq says.

Looking for an eye doctor who specializes diabetic eye disease? We can help

At Key-Whitman, our eye doctors work closely with diabetic patients to
help optimize vision. According to Dr. Haq, “We also offer the latest
in eye care technology, including the Optos camera, which allows us to
get a full look at the retina without dilating the patient’s eye.
Optos is more convenient for patients, it’s faster and just as effective
as dilation in most cases.”

To schedule an appointment with Dr. Haq at our Plano eye care center or
with an eye doctor at our Dallas, North Dallas, Arlington, North Arlington
or Mesquite locations,

please call
(972) 905-9128, or feel free to set up an appointment online.

ABOUT DR. HAQ:

Dr. Faisal Haq received his undergraduate degree from Boston University
and earned his medical degree from the Boston University School of Medicine.
He completed his ophthalmology residency at the University of Illinois
at Chicago. Dr. Haq has been tending to the needs of Key-Whitman patients
since 2006 and was recently recognized as a “Best Doctor”
in Collin County by
D Magazine in2011 and 2013-2017. Dr. Haq lives in Plano with his wife and two children.
He loves to travel and has been on several surgical mission trips to Belize
to perform charity cataract surgery.

Photo Source: Adobe Stock

Posted in: Diabetes

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