At some point, we will all experience the stinging and burning associated
with getting something in our eyes, or the pain that comes from an
. Knowing what to do when your eyes are injured can help prevent serious
damage to the eye.
Here are some of the most common eye injuries and what you can do about them:
Foreign object in the eye: If you get something in your eye, such as an eyelash or a piece of dirt,
do not rub the eye. Doing so may scratch your cornea. Instead, use a dampened
cotton swab to gently remove the foreign object or rinse your eye with
an eye rinse or water to flush out the particle.
Important: If something has penetrated or become embedded in your eye, do not try
to remove it!Instead, see your eye doctor for immediate treatment.
Chemicals in the eye: Chemicals such as household cleaners can cause serious damage to the eye
if they are not cleaned out immediately. If you accidentally splash chemicals
into your eye, immediately flush the eye with warm water. Use both hands
to keep your eye open while you allow water from the faucet or shower
to run over your eye. Flush your eye for at least 15 minutes before heading
to the emergency room for further treatment.
Blow or blunt force trauma to the eye: Getting hit in the eye with a foreign object, such as a ball, is another
very common eye injury. In many cases, a blow to the eye may result in
swelling or a black eye but will not affect vision. In more serious cases,
blunt force trauma to the eye can damage the structure of the eye, thus
impacting vision. If you suffer a blow to your eye, gently hold a cold
compress or ice pack on the eye without applying pressure and keep your
head elevated to minimize swelling. If you experience persistent pain
or notice any problems with your vision, go to your eye doctor or the
emergency room for further
Cut or puncture to the eye: If you suffer a cut or puncture to your eye, seek immediate treatment from
your eye doctor. Never attempt to remove anything that is stuck in your
eyelid or in your eye. While on your way to see your eye doctor, avoid
rubbing your eye or the surrounding skin and keep your eye covered without
putting any pressure on the eye.
If you suffer any type of injury to your eye, it’s always best to
see your eye doctor to rule out any damage to the eye, even if symptoms
are improving. Always remember to wear protective eyewear when performing
tasks around the house, working in the yard, playing sports or swimming.
Doing so can help protect your eyes from damage caused by an eye injury.