Cosmetic eye surgery, called oculoplastic surgery is corrective and reconstructive surgery
of the eyelids, tear ducts and orbit of the eye rather than corrective
surgery to the cornea or lens of the eye itself. Oculoplastic surgery
can correct a number of cosmetic problems including dropping or sagging
eyelids, bags under the eyes, growths on the eyelid and blockage of the
While many of these procedures can be performed by a plastic surgeon,
Key-Whitman Dallas oculoplastic eye surgeons are board certified M.D.s who specialize in
eye surgery and the tissues surround the eye, rather than general plastic
surgery. Their limited focus on the eye means they are highly knowledgeable
and skilled in dealing with the eye. The primary goal of an oculoplastic
surgeon is providing reconstructive results while maintaining the health
of the eye.
Some oculoplastic procedures may be considered medically necessary, while
others are purely cosmetic.
Conditions in which oculoplastic surgery is medically necessary:
Ptosis - Drooping of the upper eyelid caused by aging, contact lens wear, injury
and sometimes cataract or other eye surgeries. If the condition interferes
with vision, oculoplastic surgery to correct the drooping eyelid is considered
Entropion - A condition in which the upper or lower eyelid turns inward, causing the
skin and eyelashes to rub against the eye. May result in redness, irritation,
excess tearing, crusting of the eyelid, mucous discharge, foreign bodies
in the eye and decreased vision.
Ectropion - A condition in which the lower eyelid sags and turns out, resulting in
exposure of the eyeball. This condition may be caused by aging, injury,
eyelid growths or facial paralysis. May cause tearing, redness, crusting
of the eyelid, mucous discharge, irritation, scarring of the cornea and
Eyelid growths - Growths on the eyelid or face may be benign, but they can also be malignant.
Your doctor will determine if it is medically necessary to remove a growth
on the eyelid.
Blockage of the tear duct - This condition may appear at birth, or as a result of injury, disease or
infection. Symptoms of tear duct problems include pain, chronic tearing,
crusting and watering or discharge. If surgery is required, a new “bypass”
route may be constructed to connect the upper tear ducts to the nose for
drainage of tears.
Reconstructive surgery - Following injury, burns or birth defects, reconstructive surgery of the
eyelid or repair of fractures in the orbital bone may be necessary.
Conditions in which oculoplastic surgery may only be cosmetic:
Blepharoplasty - This procedure corrects excessive skin on the upper or lower eyelids and
bags or extra fat above and below the eyes.
Brow ptosis - A drooping eyebrow may or may not interfere with vision. If it does, surgery
to correct the condition would be considered medically necessary. Otherwise,
correction of a drooping eyebrow is cosmetic.
If you have an eye condition requiring cosmetic or medically necessary
oculoplastic surgery, choose a doctor who specializes in the eye. While
there are many skilled general plastic surgeons out there, your eye and
vision are very delicate, and you will be in the best hands with a doctor
whose primary focus is oculoplastic surgery.
If you are considering oculoplastic surgery, contact us at Key-Whitman
Eye Center today to
schedule a comprehensive exam.
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